Cri du chat syndrome, also known as 5p- (5p minus) syndrome or cat cry syndrome, is a genetic condition that is caused by the deletion of genetic material on. 5 Sep Bruni L. La sindrome 5p-(sindrome del “cri du chat”) In: Vignetti P, Ferrante E, editor. Malattie da aberrazioni cromosomiche. Torino: Edizioni. A number sign (#) is used with this entry because cri-du-chat syndrome is a well- described partial aneusomy resulting from deletion of the short arm of.

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Cri du chat syndrome

All patients were severely or profoundly mentally retarded except for one who was mildly retarded. A thrombospondin-like gene and 3 other cDNAs were considered candidate genes for the cri-du-chat contiguous gene deletion syndrome. The cri du chat syndrome: A variant Cri du Chat phenotype and autism spectrum disorder in a subject with de novo cryptic microdeletions involving 5p Abstract The Cri du Chat syndrome CdCS is a genetic disease resulting from a deletion of variable size occurring on the short arm of chromosome 5 5p.

Deletion of the telomerase reverse transcriptase hTERT gene, localised to 5p Open in a separate window.

Subtelomeric FISH allows 5p cryptic chromosomal rearrangements to be found [ 3482 ]. The deletion of the telomerase reverse transcriptase hTERT gene localized in 5p Five novel genes from the cri-du-chat critical region isolated by direct selection.

These individuals may have more severe disease than those with isolated monosomy of 5p. Recent improvements in management of patients with CdCS, with the application of rehabilitative programs, have led to increased psychomotor development, improved autonomy and better social adaptation [ 19 ].


Moreover, an interstitial and apparently unbalanced deletion in 5p14, detected by prenatal diagnosis indicated for advanced maternal age and traced through six individuals in three generations, resulted in a completely normal phenotype [ xindrome ]. Moreover, it is important to give to the families updated information about the syndrome, also available through CdCS Support Groups.


Patologia genetica ad esordio tardivo. Molecular definition of deletions of different segments of distal 5p that result in distinct phenotypic features. OMIM is intended for use primarily by physicians and other professionals concerned with genetic disorders, by genetics researchers, and by advanced students in science and medicine.

Molecular and phenotypic mapping of the short arm of chromosome 5: All affected individuals were found to have a Published online Sep 5. The identification of phenotypic subsets associated with a specific size and type of deletion is of diagnostic and prognostic relevance. The characteristic cat-like cry is probably due to anomalies of the larynx small, narrow, diamond-shaped and of the epiglottis flabby, small, hypotonicas well as to neurological, structural and functional alterations [ 5 ].

Cri du chat syndrome – Wikipedia

Genotype-phenotype correlation of 5p-syndrome: This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties. In two cases it has been performed on the basis of a nonimmune foetal hydrops [ 8990 ], and in another, on cir basis of an abnormal ultrasound finding of isolated moderate bilateral ventriculomegaly [ 91 ]. The results confirmed the importance of deletion of the critical region for manifestation of the CdCS clinical features. The mild phenotype in this patient could be mainly due to the normal cell line.


Malattie da aberrazioni cromosomiche. Seven patients had a 5p interstitial deletion; 4 had a de novo translocation, and 3 had a familial translocation. Confirmation of a balanced chromosomal translocation using molecular techniques. Specific growth and psychomotor development charts have been established. Prenatally the deletion of the cri du chat related region in the p arm siindrome chromosome 5 can be detected from amniotic fluid or chorionic villi samples with BACs-on-Beads technology.

Evidence sindfome a distinct region causing a cat-like cry in patients with 5p deletions. Malattia del “cri du chat” 5p- pp. The limited data available about the psychomotor development indicated a severe psychomotor and mental retardation in all patients [ 5xindrome ]. Multiplex FISH telomere integrity assay identifies an unbalanced cryptic translocation der 5 t 3;5 q27;p The material is in no way intended to replace professional medical care by a qualified specialist and should not be used as a basis for diagnosis or treatment.

Crl PisaR. The larynx in the cri du chat syndrome.

Myopia and cataract have been reported. A survey of the prevalence of stereotypy, self-injury and aggression in CdCS children and young adults has been recently carried out by Collins and Cornish [ 51 ]. Trois ca de deletion partielle du bras court d’un chromosome 5. Affected children are typically diagnosed by a doctor at birth.